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北京地区成人本科学士学位英语考试考前冲刺卷(一)

[] [] [] 发布人:圣考研网   发布日期:2020-09-15 21:04   共 10 人浏览过

本书是2020年北京地区成人本科学士学位英语考试考前冲刺卷及详解,主要按照2020年考试大纲及近年考试真题的命题规律精心编写而成,为考生提供系统的考前训练,方便考生检验复习效果。

成人学士学位英语 > 北京地区


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2020年北京地区成人本科学士学位英语考试考前冲刺卷(一)及详解

Part  Reading Comprehension (30%)

Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer sheet.

 

Passage 1

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage.

(76) You must have been troubled by when to say “I love you” because it is one of the greatest puzzles in our life.

What if you say it first and your partner doesn’t love you back? Or if they do say it but you don’t feel they mean it? Being the first to declare your love can be nerve-racking(紧张) and risky and can leave you feeling as vulnerable as a turtle with no shell. But is the person who says it first really in a position of weakness? Doesn’t it pay to hold back, play it cool and wait until the other half has shown their hand first?

“A really good relationship should be about being fair and being equal,” says psychologist Sidney Crown. “But love is seldom equal.” (77) All relationships go through power struggles but, he says, if a love imbalance continues for years, the rot will set in. “That feeling of ‘I’ve always loved you more’ may be subverted (颠覆,破坏) for a time, but it never goes away completely and it often emerges in squabbling(大声争吵).” In love, at least, the silent, withholding type is not always the most powerful. “The strongest one in a relationship is often the person who feels confident enough to talk about their feelings,” says educational psychologist Ingrid Collins. Psychosexual therapist Paula Hall agrees. “The one with the upper hand is often the person who takes the initiative. In fact, the person who says ‘I love you’ first may also be the one who says ‘I’m bored with you’ first.” Hall believes that much depends on how “I love you” is said and the motivation of the person saying it. “Is it said when they’re drunk? Is it said before their partner flies off on holiday, and what it really means is ‘Please don’t be unfaithful to me’? By saying ‘I love you’, they really saying ‘Do you love me?’ If so, wouldn’t it just be more honest to say that?” Collins agrees that intention is everything. “It’s not what is said, but how it’s said. What it comes down to is the sincerity of the speaker.”

1 What is the main idea of this passage?

A. The importance of “I love you”.

B. The meaning of “I love you”.

C. The time of saying “I love you”.

D. The place of saying “I love you”.

2 In the first sentence the author means that ______.

A. it is easy to say “I love you”

B. it is hard to say “I love you”

C. we have many troubles in our life

D. people usually do not know when to say “I love you”

3 According to the expert, a good relationship should be ______.

A. fair and equal

B. fair and kind

C. powerful and equal

D. confident and fair

4 In the third paragraph, the phrase “with the upper hand” means ______.

A. being low in spirit

B. having only one hand

C. being active

D. being passive

5 What is the most important for you to consider when somebody say “I love you” to you?

A. The intention.

B. The place.

C. The time.

D. The determination.

【答案与解析】

1C  主旨大意题。本文主要讲述说“我爱你”的时机,是采取主动还是处于被动,以及说话者的动机。故C项正确。

2D  事实细节题。“You must have been troubled by when to say ‘I love you’ because it is one of the greatest puzzles in our life.”也就是说人们为何时说“我爱你”而烦恼。其他三项均不符合文意。

3A  事实细节题。由关键词a good relationship定位“A really good relationship should be about being fair and being equal”。

4C  词义辨析题。由关键词with the upper hand定位第三段中间“The one with the upper hand is often the person who takes the initiative”即“……的人掌握主动权。”故推测with the upper hand意思是“占了上风”。

5A  事实细节题。从第三段末考林的话语中可以分析出说话人的动机决定一切。故A项正确。

 

Passage 2

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage.

There are two methods of fighting, the one by law, the other by force; the first method is that of men, the second of beasts; but as the first method is often insufficient, one must have recourse to the second. It is, therefore, necessary for a prince to know how to use both the beast and the man. This was covertly taught to the rulers by ancient writers, who relate how Achilles and many others of those ancient princes were given Chiron the centaur to be brought up and educated under his discipline. The parable of this semi-animal, semi-human teacher is meant to indicate that a prince must know how to use both natures, and that one without the other is not durable.

A prince, being thus obliged to know well how to act as a beast, must imitate the fox, and the lion, for the lion cannot protect himself from traps, and the fox cannot defend himself from wolves. Those that wish to be only lions do not understand this. Therefore, a prudent ruler ought not to keep faith when by doing so it would be against his interest, and the reasons which made him bind himself no longer exist. (78) If men were all good, this percept would not be a good one; but as they are bad, and would not observe their faith with you, so you are not bound to keep faith with them. Nor have legitimate grounds ever failed a prince who wishes to show colorable excuse for the unfulfillment of his promise. Of this one could furnish an infinite number of examples, and also how many times peace has been broken, and how man promises rendered worthless, by the faithlessness of princes, and those that have best been able to imitate the fox have succeeded best. But it is necessary to be able to disguise this character well, and to be a great feigner and dissembler, and men are so simple and so ready to obey present necessities, that the one who deceives will always find those who allow themselves be to deceived.

6 The writer does not believe that ______.

A. the truth makes men free

B. people can protect themselves

C. princes are human

D. leaders have to be consistent

7 “Prince” in the passage designates ______.

A. anyone in power

B. elected officials

C. aristocrats

D. sons of kings

8 The lion represents those who are ______.

A. too trusting

B. reliant on force

C. strong and powerful

D. lacking in intelligence

9 The fox, in the passage, is ______.

A. admired for his trickery

B. no match for the lion

C. pitied for his wiles

D. considered worthless

10 The writer suggests that a successful leader must ______.

A. be prudent and faithful

B. cheat and lie

C. have principle to guide his actions

D. follow the truth

【答案与解析】

6D  从文中第二段中间部分a prudent ruler ought not to keep faith when by doing so it would be against his interest…可知作者并不相信领导者需言行一致,所以D正确。

7A  文中的prince是一个泛指,指领导者或统治者,而非狭义的王子或贵族。

8B  文中讲到,一个王子必须能同时运用law和force,接着用狐狸和狮子来象征law 和force,前者是善于耍诡计却缺乏武力,后者是单纯靠武力却缺乏智慧,结合全文可知,狮子代表依靠力量的人。

9A  作者提到those have been able to imitate the fox have succeeded best,可知其对狐狸的评价是肯定的。

10B  A说必须谨慎和忠诚,明显不对。C说依原则行事也不对,因为本文宣扬的正是灵活的、善于愚弄和伪装的统治艺术。D说遵循真理,也明显不对。文章最后写道to be a great feigner and dissembler,所以作者认为一个成功的领导者应该善于欺骗和撒谎。

 

Passage 3

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.

In the past industries had more freedom than they have now, and they did not need to be as careful as they must today. They did not need to worry a lot about the safety of the new products that they developed. They did not have to pay much attention to the health and safety of the people who worked for them. (79) Often new products were dangerous for the people who used them; often conditions in the work place had very bad effects on the health of the workers.

Of course sometimes there were real disasters which attracted the attention of governments and which showed need for changes. Also scientists who were doing research into the health of workers sometimes produced information which governments could not ignore. At such times, there were inquiries into the causes of the disaster or the problems. New safety rules were often introduced as a result of these inquires; however, the new rules came too late to protect the people who had died or become seriously ill.

Today many governments have special departments which protect customers and workers. (80) In the U.S., for example, there is a department which tests new air planes and gives warnings about possible problems. It also makes the rules that air craft producers must follow. Another department controls the foods and drugs that companies sell. A third department looks at the places where people work, and then reports any companies that are breaking laws which protect the health and safety of workers.

11 According to Paragraph 1, compared with today, industries in the past ______.

A. were controlled less strictly

B. were worse off

C. affected more people’s health

D. put out more unhealthy products

12 It is implied in Paragraph 2 that years ago governments ______.

A. paid much attention to the results of scientific discoveries

B. seldom introduced safety laws before disasters occurred

C. hardly ever looked into the causes of tragedies

D. imposed safety rules as soon as disasters occurred

13 In the U.S. today ______.

A. there are altogether three departments which protect customers and workers

B. stores dealing in foods and drugs are under government control

C. a company with poor or dangerous working conditions is likely to be punished

D. the protection of workers’ health and safety is well ensured

14 The main topic of the passage is ______.

A. industries in the past and at present

B. changes in the development of industries

C. the protection of industrial workers and customers

D. the freedom of industries

15 The purpose of this passage is to ______.

A. inform

B. criticize

C. entertain

D. persuade

【答案与解析】

11A  本题考查的是第一段的主题思想。从第一句话可看出,过去的工业比现在有更多的自由,也不用像现在这样小心谨慎。也可以说“过去的工业不像现在受到这么严格的控制”。因此选A。B意为“更贫困,更糟糕”,C“影响更多人的健康”,D“生产更多的不健康的产品”,均不符合本段所谈的内容。

12B  从本段最后两句话可知,过去政府在灾难发生后会对灾难的起因进行调查,并制定新的安全法则,但为时已晚。故选B。C“几乎从不调查悲剧的起因”,和D“灾难一发生就加强安全法则”与上述内容不符。A“非常注意科学发现的结果”,没提到安全生产,不可能是答案。

13C  根据题干中的today,答案应在第三段。可用排除法对四个选项一一进行分析。A“一共有三个部门保护顾客和工人”不对,因为文章只是列举了三个部门做例子。B“做食品和药品生意的商店受到美国政府的控制”不准确,因为文章中提到的是控制食品和药物,而不是控制做这种生意的商店。D的意思是:“对工人健康和安全的保护得到良好的保障”,这种保护是否well—ensured文章并未提及,也无法推测。而从最后一句话可知,有一个政府部门负责举报违反工人健康和安全保护法的公司,举报的结果很可能是这种公司受到惩罚,因此答案为C。

14C  根据全文大意,C是最佳答案。其他选项A“过去和现在的工业”,B“工业发展中的变化”,和D“工业的自由”,均没有提到安全保护,因此不合适。

15A  这道题考查的是文章的体裁。这是一篇介绍性的文章,因此答案为inform通知,报告,而不是criticize批评,entertain使娱乐,或persuade劝说。

Part  Vocabulary and Structure (30%)

Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

16 After discussing the terms of the new health-benefits contract, ______ management and employees were satisfied.

A. both

B. also

C. either

D. too

【答案】A查看答案

【解析】句意:经营者与员工就新的医疗福利合约条款进行协商后,双方都感到满意。后半句中的主语是两个名词组成的复合主语,连接词可以是both…and或是either…or。根据题目已给出的and,可知选项A,both为正确答案。health-benefits是“医疗福利”的意思。either A or B是“A或B其中一方”的意思。

 

17 Mayor Williams proudly described the city as a place where the citizens are ______ for their hospitality.

A. returned

B. known

C. taken

D. held

【答案】B查看答案

【解析】此处考查了固定搭配。从题意判断,be known for“因…而闻名,有名”最为恰当。C项A is taken for B“A被认为是B”,也为固定用法,但不符合题意。hospitality是“热情好客”的意思。

 

18 The sales representative from Correct Copies, Ltd, returned Mr. Yoshida’s call while he was ______.

A. through

B. along

C. out

D. aside

【答案】C查看答案

【解析】句意:Correct Copies公司的销售代表在吉田先生外出时给他回了电话。while+主语he+be动词,“当他…的时候”,正确答案为“out”,“当他外出的时候”。其他选项均不符合题意。

 

19 ______ most job seekers are looking for a permanent job, a temporary position may serve as a bridge to full-time employment.

A. How

B. While

C. That

D. So

【答案】B查看答案

【解析】句意:尽管大多数求职者都在寻找长期稳定的工作,但其实临时工作也能成为通往全职工作的桥梁。此题考查的是连接主从句的连接词。选项中只有while能够放在句首且连接主从句,意思是“虽然…”符合题意。

 

20 ______ uncomfortable it may be, proper protective gear absolutely must be worn by anyone using the equipment.

A. Almost

B. Nevertheless

C. Seldom

D. However

【答案】D查看答案

【解析】四个选项中只有D项,However符合“…+形容词+主语+动词”的结构,表示让步。故应选D。however无论如何。uncomfortable不舒适的。proper恰当的。protective gear保护装置。nevertheless然而。seldom很少。

 

21 Please return signed forms along with two copies of identification to the head office using the mailing label ______.

A. provides

B. provided

C. is provided

D. providing

【答案】B查看答案

【解析】本题句子结构是完整的,需要填入词语来修饰mailing label,动词provide的起修饰作用的形式是过去分词或者现在分词,mailing label是“被提供”的对象,因此应填入过去分词,选择B。signed著名的。form表格。along with与…一起。identification身份证。head office总公司。mailing label邮寄标签。

 

22 Those of you ______ have the time should make the commitment to register in language courses.

A. whoever

B. whose

C. which

D. who

【答案】D查看答案

【解析】主语Those of you表示人,空格后面出现have the time,因此要填入表示人的关系代词做主语,D项为正确答案。make a commitment to do致力于做某事。register报名。

 

23 The employees were able to network more efficiently as ______ began using the new intranet system.

A. themselves

B. them

C. their

D. they

【答案】D查看答案

【解析】此处as是连词,后面必须出现完整的从句,由此发现后边的句子缺少主语因此应在空格处填入指代employees的主语they。network进入网络。intranet内部网。

 

24 The new employees will ______ during training sessions.

A. catch out

B. catch on

C. catch in

D. catch down

【答案】B查看答案

【解析】句意:新员工会在培训期间熟悉公司。catch on为固定搭配,意为“明白,理解;流行”,符合句意。选择B。catch out使原形毕露;抓住…的短处。

 

25 The decision about such a big project cannot be made ______ each member of the board agrees.

A. if

B. unless

C. though

D. as

【答案】B查看答案

【解析】句意:除非董事会所有成员同意,否则不能决定是否进行如此大的一项工程。本题考查状语从句连词的用法。根据空格处前后的句义可以判断,此处需要一个引导条件状语从句的连词,董事会所有成员同意是进行工程的前提。在四个选项中,选项A和选项B都可用于引导条件状语从句。unless除非,适合本句句意。故答案为B。

 

26 I am looking forward to ______ from you as soon as possible.

A. hear

B. be hearing

C. hearing

D. have heard

【答案】C查看答案

【解析】本题考查的是动词词组的固定搭配。look forward to doing sth. 意思是“期望做某事”,to是介词,后面跟的动词应该用动名词形式。正确答案为C。句意:我期待着你尽快回信。

 

27 He ______ that the people he works with are all very interested in their job.

A. feels

B. tries

C. looks

D. asks

【答案】A查看答案

【解析】本题考查动词词义的辨析。feel的意思是“感觉到…,感觉”,try的意思是“努力,尽力”,look的意思是“看上去…,看”,ask的意思是“询问,要求”,根据句意,正确答案为A。句意:他觉得同事对这个工作都挺感兴趣的。

 

28 ______, a friend of Mrs. Black found the watch she had lost two days before.

A. Especially

B. Usually

C. Generally

D. Fortunately

【答案】D查看答案

【解析】本题考查副词词义的辨析。especially意为“特别地”,usually意为“一般地,通常地”,generally意为“一般地,大体上地”,fortunately意为“幸运地,事好地”,根据句意,正确答案为D。句意:幸运的是,布莱克夫人的一个朋友捡到了她两天前丢的手表。

 

29 Few people ______ applied for the position meet the requirements of the company.

A. whom

B. who

C. what

D. whose

【答案】B查看答案

【解析】本题考查关系代词在定语从句中的用法。句中先行词是people,在后面的从句中作主语,因此答案为B。句意:申请这个职位的人当中几乎没有人符合公司的要求。

 

30 Why didn’t you ______ that pencil which was on the floor?

A. pick up

B. bring up

C. get up

D. put up

【答案】A查看答案

【解析】本题考查词义辨析。pick up的意思是“捡起,收集,用车接送”,bring up的意思是“抚养,教育,提出议题,培养,”等,get up的意思是“上车,起床”,put up的意思是“搭起,张贴,提供食宿,出卖”,根据句意,正确答案为A。句意:你为什么不捡起地上的那支铅笔?

 

31 Mary found ______ extremely difficult to pass the examination.

A. it

B. this

C. that

D. what

【答案】A查看答案

【解析】本题考查宾语补足语的用法。作宾语的动词不定式后面有宾语补足语时,要用it作形式宾语,位于谓语动词found的后面,而将真正的宾语to pass the examination放到宾语补足语的后面,因此答案为A。句意:玛丽发现很难通过这次考试。

 

32 She tried hard, but she still couldn’t make us ______ our mind.

A. to change

B. changed

C. change

D. changing

【答案】C查看答案

【解析】本题考查动词的固定搭配。change one’s mind的意思是“使某人改变主意”,make sb. do sth. 的意思是“使某人做某事”,make后面接不带to的不定式,答案为C。句意:她费尽周折仍不能让我们改变主意。

 

33 I was late for the interview because the bus ______ on the way to London.

A. got off

B. brought in

C. kept off

D. broke down

【答案】D查看答案

【解析】本题考查动词词组。get off的意思是“下车、动身、脱下来”,bring in的意思是“收成好、提出、引进、赚钱”,break down的意思是“破除、打坏、出故障、垮掉”,keep off的意思是“避开、躲开”。根据句意,答案为D。句意:公共汽车在去伦敦的路上抛锚,我面试迟到了。

 

34 The manager required that all the employees ______ at the office before 9:00 in the morning.

A. will arrive

B. arrive

C. arrived

D. have arrived

【答案】B查看答案

【解析】本题考查虚拟语气。当主句中的动词表示命令、建议或要求等时,后面的从句要用虚拟语气。其结构是should+动词原形。其中should可以省略。这类动词有:suggest,order,consider,command,require,request等。句意:经理要求全体职员在早上9点之前到达办公室。

 

35 She was talking about her ______ as a nurse in a hospital, which we had never heard of.

A. expenses

B. excuses

C. experiences

D. expressions

【答案】C查看答案

【解析】本题考查形近词词义的区别。expenses的意思是“代价、花费、花销”,excuses的意思是“借口”,expressions的意思是“表达、表述”,experiences的意思是“经历、经验”,由句意可知,答案为C。句意:她正在讲述她在医院做护士的经历,我们以前从没有听说过。

 

36 Our company’s visitors decided to stay in our city for ______ two days as they wanted to have a look around.

A. other

B. the other

C. another

D. other’s

【答案】C查看答案

【解析】考点:代词辨析。other表示“另外的”,和数词连用时一般是“数词+other+名词复数”的形式;the other 表示“其他的”;another也可以与数词连用,一般是“another+数词+名词”结构。本题正是“another+two+days”的用法,表示“再过两天” 所以选C。其他选项均无此意。句意:参观我们公司的人员决定在这座城市再待两天,因为他们想到处转转。

 

37 According to the time table, the train for Beijing ______ at 9:10 P. m. from Monday to Friday.

A. was leaving

B. is leaving

C. leaves

D. has left

【答案】C查看答案

【解析】考点:动词时态。根据信号词time table可知,动词表示的是经常发生的习惯性动作,所以要用一般现在时,选C。A项表示过去某段时间正在进行的动作;B项表示现在正在进行的动作或状态;D项完成时表示过去的动作进行到现在,还有可能持续到将来,并对现在产生影响。A、B、D均不符合题意。句意:根据列车时刻表,周一至周五开往北京的火车于晚上9:10分发车。

 

38 The new drug will not be put on the market ______ it has proved safe on humans.

A. if

B. until

C. since

D. when

【答案】B查看答案

【解析】考点:连词辨析。根据题意可知,此处使用了时间状语,not和until经常放在一起使用,表示“直到……才”,B符合本题句意。A项引导条件状语从句,C项引导时间状语从句和原因状语从句,D项引导时间状语从句,表示“当……时”。句意:新药只有在被证实对人体安全之后才会投放到市场。

 

39 Students are expected to pay the loan back ______ they are earning enough.

A. so far as

B. now that

C. even if

D. as soon as

【答案】D查看答案

【解析】考点:连词辨析。根据句意,前后两个小句表达了“一……就”之意,选D。A项so…as一般用于否定句;B项引导条件状语从句,表示“既然”;C项引导让步状语从句,表示“即使,尽管”;A、B和C均不符合题意。句意:学生一赚到足够的钱就应该马上偿还银行的贷款。

 

40 Immigrants have to adapt themselves culturally and physically to the new surroundings ______ they have moved.

A. on which

B. by which

C. into which

D. from which

【答案】C查看答案

【解析】考点:介词搭配。which在引导定语从句时,如果在从句中作介词的宾语,把么这个介词应该提前,与which共同引导定语从句。本题中 move into the new surroundings表示“移入新的环境”,所以和which搭配的介词应是into,选C。其他选项地介词没有这层意思,不能和which搭配。句意:在文化和身体上,移民必须适应他们所迁移的新环境。

 

41 The proposal ______at the meeting now is of great importance to our department.

A. being discussed

B. to be discussing

C. having discussed

D. discussing

【答案】A查看答案

【解析】考点:分词结构。在英语中,分词的选择主要由两个方面决定:语态和时间关系,本题中now提示动作发生的时间是现在时,而proposal与discuss之间是一种逻辑上的被动关系,所以本题的分词结构既要表示“现在”,又要表示被动,只有A项符合题意。B项表示将来,时态不对;C项和D项为主动语态,不合题意。句意:会议上正在讨论的议题对我们部门非常重要。

 

42 It was because of his good performance at the interview ______ he got the job with the big company.

A. so

B. what

C. that

D. while

【答案】C查看答案

【解析】考点:强调句式。强调句的构成一般it is/was+强调内容that+剩余部分。当强调成分是人时,who可以替代that。根据句意,本句中强调的是原因,空格处应该选that。其他选项的代词或副词都不可以构成强调句。句意:正是他在面试时的良好表现,他才得到了这家公司的工作。

 

43 It is reasonable for people to pursue a career in fields related ______ their favorite hobbies.

A. on

B. for

C. at

D. to

【答案】D查看答案

【解析】考点:动词搭配。be related 和to 搭配,意为“与……有联系”,其他介词和be related 不能搭配,正确答案选D。句意:人们追求与他们的兴趣相关领域的事业是合理的。

 

44 There is no evidence ______ he was on the site of the murder.

A. where

B. that

C. which

D. how

【答案】B查看答案

【解析】考点:同位语从句。在英语中,某些名词后面经常跟that引导的同位语从句,起补充说明的作用,这些词包括:news,proposal,report,suggestion等。本题中的同位语从句是对evidence(证据)的补充说明,只有B项符合题意。其他选项的关系代词或关系副词均不可以引导同位语从句。句意:没有他在凶杀现场的证据。

 

45 Only when we hurried to the airport ______ the flight was cancelled.

A. we found

B. did we find

C. have we found

D. we have found

【答案】B查看答案

【解析】考点:倒装句。倒装句一般分为部分倒装和完全倒装。only置于句首时要部分倒装,需要借助于助动词才能完成,而实意动词转变为原形。根据句中hurried一次可以判断动作发生的时间是过去,所以此处的助动词应该是过去形式,选B。A项是正常句式,C项是完成时,表示时间不符,D项为正常语序。句意:我们匆忙赶到机场才发现航班被取消了。

Part  Identification (10%)

Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underline parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

46 When television was first introduced, the extent to that it would affect society could not have been foreseen.

A. introduced

B. that

C. affect

D. foreseen

【答案】B查看答案

【解析】应改为which,从句的引导词前有介词,所以只能用which。

 

47 Algebra is the branch of mathematics concerned with operations on sets of numbers or other elements that are often represented at symbols.

A. branch

B. sets

C. elements

D. symbols

【答案】D查看答案

【解析】应改为by symbols。本句是被动句,动作的执行者由by引出。

 

48 Sarah and Angelina Grimke were among the first woman doctors to lecture in public in the United States.

A. were among

B. woman doctors

C. to lecture

D. public

【答案】B查看答案

【解析】应改为women doctors。woman做定语修饰名词时,如果后面的名词是复数,woman也用复数形式。

 

49 Since 1921 the budget of the United States became the primary responsibility of the president.

A. Since

B. budget

C. primary

D. responsibility

【答案】A查看答案

【解析】应改为In,因为后面的动词是过去式,而since出现时一般用完成时。

 

50 The benefit of goat’s milk lies in the fact that it is more easily to digest by infants and invalids than is cow’s milk.

A. The benefit

B. lies

C. in the fact that

D. to digest

【答案】D查看答案

【解析】改为to be digested, 因为digest和主语infants是被动关系。

 

51 Even many early leaders of the United States have provided names for towns, only George Washington is rememberedin the name of a state.

A. Even

B. provided

C. for towns

D. in the name

【答案】A查看答案

【解析】even不能单独接从句,应改为Even though。

 

52 Alaska is fame for tall mountains and beautiful scenery.

A. fame

B. tall

C. and

D. scenery

【答案】A查看答案

【解析】改为famous,be famous for是固定搭配,意为“因…而闻名”。

 

53 While in Europe, the tourists enjoyed to their heart’s content the weather, the food, and going to the theatre.

A. While

B. to

C. heart’s

D. going to the theatre

【答案】D查看答案

【解析】应改为the theatre,和前面的名词结构照应。

 

54 Although Alice has been to the mountains many times before, she still loves visiting it.

A. has been

B. many times

C. she still

D. visiting it

【答案】D查看答案

【解析】应改为to visit,动词不定式表示目前的打算,而分词表示习惯。在本句中应该用不定式。

 

55 Prior to our conference, the executive director had requested that everyone was well prepared.

A. Prior to

B. conference

C. executive

D. was

【答案】D查看答案

【解析】request that…从句中应该用虚拟语气,改为“should be”。

Part  Cloze (10%)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then blacken then corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

The American definition of success is largely one of acquiring wealth and a high material standard of living. It is not surprising, (56)_____, that Americans have valued education for its monetary value. The belief is widespread in the United States (57)_____ the more schooling people have, the more money they will (58)_____ when they leave school. The belief is strongest (59)_____ the desirability of an undergraduate university degree, or a (60)_____ degree such as medicine or law (61)_____ the undergraduate degree. The money value of graduate degrees in (62)_____ such as art, history, or philosophy is not (63)_____ great.

This belief in the monetary value of education is (64)_____ by research outcomes on income. Ben Wattenberg, a social scientist, estimates that in the (65)_____ of a lifetime a man (66)_____ a college school diploma in 1972 could earn about $ 380,000 more than a man who (67)_____ had a high school diploma. Perhaps this helps to explain survey (68)_____ which showed that Americans who (69)_____ they had lived their lives differently in some way regretted (70)_____ of all that they did not get more education. The regret is (71)_____ by those who have made (72)_____ to the top and by those who have not. (73)_____ a man like Douglas Fraser, the president of the United Auto Workers Union, a nationally known and successful leader, was (74)_____ by regrets that he did not climb higher on the (75)_____ ladder.

 

56 A. however

B. therefore

C. moreover

D. though

57 A. which

B. where

C. that

D. when

58 A. make

B. save

C. invest

D. raise

59 A. regarding

B. reflecting

C. revealing

D. representing

60 A. technical

B. vocational

C. honorable

D. professional

61 A. concerning

B. following

C. finalizing

D. ensuring

62 A. branches

B. occupations

C. fields

D. classes

63 A. thus

B. much

C. as

D. yet

64 A. supported

B. provided

C. covered

D. obtained

65 A. period

B. duration

C. course

D. length

66 A. of

B. with

C. upon

D. for

67 A. hardly

B. only

C. really

D. readily

68 A. efforts

B. observations

C. consequences

D. findings

69 A. realized

B. found

C. discovered

D. wished

70 A. least

B. best

C. most

D. last

71 A. shared

B. shown

C. concerned

D. suffered

72 A. them

B. it

C. themselves

D. itself

73 A. As

B. For

C. Such

D. Even

74 A. threatened

B. rejected

C. restricted

D. troubled

75 A. educational

B. political

C. commercial

D. social

【答案与解析】

56B  考查副词辨析。however然而,表示转折关系;therefore因此,表示因果关系:moreover而且,表示递进关系;though虽然,表示让步。本句和第一句话是因果关系,故选择therefore。

57C  考查同位语从句。57引导的是belief的同位语从句,这四个选项中能引导同位语从句的只有that,belief的内容就是that引导的从句的内容。故选C。

58A  考查上下文的语义衔接。make money赚钱;save money攒钱;invest money投资;raise money筹款。本句的意思是说受教育越高赚钱越多,故选A。

59B  考查上文的语义衔接。regard把…看作;reflect反映;reveal揭示;represent代表。应该是“反映”人们对本科学历的期望,故选B。

60D  考查固定搭配。technical degree技术学位,如建筑; vocational degree是指在职硕士学位;honorable degree荣誉学位;professional degree专业学位,指医学或法律,由后面的“such as medicine or low, …”可知,这里应选D。

61B  考查上下文的语义衔接。concern涉及,对…有关系;follow接着…来到或发生;finalize最后确定下来;ensure保证。根据上下文,这里指的应该先获得学士学位后再获得法律、医学等专业学位,故选B。

62C  考查词义辨析。branch分支;occupation职业;field领域;class(一节)课。本句举了艺术、历史和哲学的例子,他们分属于不同领域。故选C。

63D  考查词义辨析。thus如此;much正常;as同样地;yet还未,尚。能与not连用的只有yet,因此选D。

64A  上下文的语义衔接。support支持;provide提供;cover覆盖;obtain获得。本句的意思是说 教育的金钱价值的想法受到了对收入的研究结果的支持,故选A。

65C  考查词义的辨析。period一段时间;duration持续的时间;course强调“历程”;length指一段时间,强调时间的长短。本句指的是“一生的历程”,故选C。

66B  考查介词的辨析。of一般指人具有…品质;with具有;upon凭借;for因为。这里指具有大学文凭的人,所以选B。

67B  考查副词的辨析。hardly几乎不;only只有;really真正地;readily准备好地。这里作者在比较有大学文凭的人和只有高中文凭的人赚钱的多少,所以选B。

68D  考查词义辨析。effort努力;observation观察;consequence结果;findings一般指调查或研究的结果,常用复数。这里指的是调查的结果,故选D。

69D  考查虚拟语气的用法。“…they had lived their lives differently...”中用了“had lived”表示对过去的虚拟,选项中只有wish后的从句中能用虚拟语气,表示 “希望过上与现实生活不同的生活”,故选D。

70C  考查上下文的语义衔接。根据文意,这里的意思是调查结果表明这些希望过上与现实生活不同的生活的美国人最后悔的一件事就是没有接受更多的教育。表示“最”后悔,故用most。

71A  考查动词的辨析。share分享,分担;show表明;concern涉及;suffer经受,遭受。这种悔恨有两种人都有同感,爬到社会上层的人和没有爬上去的,故选A。

72C  考查上下文的语义衔接。根据文意,那些人应该是使自己爬到社会上层而不是别人,故选C。

73D  考查连词的辨析。as因为;for 因为;such这样的;even甚至。“The regret is (71)_____by those who have made…”和 “(73)_____a man like Douglas Fraser,the president...”两个句子之间是递进的关系,所以要选择even作连词,故选D。

73D  考查动词的辨析。threaten威胁;reject拒绝;restrict限制;trouble烦恼。根据后文的“by regrets”可知,由后悔产生的应该是“烦恼”,而不是“威胁”“拒绝”或“限制”,故选D。

75A  考查上下文的语义衔接。从“the president of the United Auto Workers Union, a nationally known and successful leader”可知Douglas Fraser已经爬到了上层社会,所以他后悔的是没有爬到教育梯子的高处,并且因为全文都在讲教育,故选A。

Part  Translation (20%)

Section A

Directions: In this part there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages to identify their meanings in the context.

76 You must have been troubled by when to say “I love you” because it is one of the greatest puzzles in our life.

【答案】你一定曾经为何时说“我爱你”而烦恼过,因为这是我们生活中的一大难题。查看答案

【解析】本句中when引导宾语从句,作介词by的宾语,because引导原因状语从句。be troubled by被…所困扰、烦恼。

 

77 All relationships go through power struggles but, he says, if a love imbalance continues for years, the rot will set in.

【答案】所有的两性关系都会有权力的斗争,但是,他说,如果爱情的不平衡持续数年之久,那么就会出现问题。查看答案

【解析】本句是but连接的转折句,he says是插入语,if引导条件状语从句。go through经受;参加;仔细检查;被通过。imbalance不平衡;不安定。rot腐烂;恶化。set in开始;到来;流行。

 

78 If men were all good, this percept would not be a good one; but as they are bad, and would not observe their faith with you, so you are not bound to keep faith with them.

【答案】如果说所有的人都是好人,那么这样的感觉可能不好,因为他们是坏人,并不能保持对你的忠诚,所以你也不能对他们保持一颗善意的心。查看答案

【解析】本句是虚拟语气。percept“知觉”。observe在本句中译为“遵守”,be bound to“应该”。本题出现了两个faith,翻译成汉语可以采用近义词代替,避免选词的单调性。

 

79 Often new products were dangerous for the people who used them; often conditions in the work place had very bad effects on the health of the workers.

【答案】通常新的产品对使用它的入来说是危险的,工作环境对工人的健康是有不利影响的。查看答案

【解析】had very bad effects on…对…有不好的影响

 

80 In the U.S., for example, there is a department which tests new airplanes and gives warnings about possible problems.

【答案】举个例子,美国有一个部门来检测新的飞机并且对可能存在的问题提出警告。查看答案

【解析】gives warnings about…对…问题提出警告。

 

Section B

Directions: In this part there are five sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

81 事实上,水污染的危害远不止这点。

【答案】In fact, the consequence of water pollution is far more than this.查看答案

【解析】“事实上”可译为as a matter of fact,in fact或in reality。“远不止”可用far等词修饰比较级表达。

 

82 他负责学生会的工作。

【答案】He was in charge of the student union.查看答案

【解析】“负责某项工作”应为be in charge of。

 

83 但是电也需要生产,要生产电就需要大量的燃料,如石油、煤、天然气等。

【答案】But electricity has to be made, too, and to make it huge quantities of fuel, such as oil, coal, gas, etc. are required.查看答案

【解析】如“such as”。大量的燃料“huge quantities of fuel”。

 

84 专利是一种官方文件,发明人根据该文件可以控制使用他的发明物的权利。

【答案】A patent is an official document by which an inventor can control the right to use his invention.查看答案

【解析】这是带有一个定语从句的句子。主句应是“专利是一种文件”。从句应为“发明人根据该文件可以控制……权利”。因此应先译出:A patent is a…document by which an inventor can control the right…,然后再把official和to use his invention等成分加进去。

 

85 这所大学有许多国内外著名的教授。

【答案】The university has many professors well-known at home and abroad.查看答案

【解析】修饰结构放在at home and abroad之前表明是国内外出名。如果放在professors之前,说明是很出名的教授。


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